By the end of 12th century A.D, some European popes laid the foundation of wars between Christians and the Muslims (Saleebi Jang). Troops of a lot of European Christians were sent to Syria and Palestine. The purpose was to take away Palestine and nearby areas from Muslim control. Also to capture the Bait-ul-Muqadas (Holy Land). In these wars Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi fought with great valour. He took back Palestine from Christians ninety years after.
Birth and Early life of Salahuddin Ayubi
Real name of Salahuddin Ayubi was Yousaf. His father was Najm-ud-din Ayub. He was an employee of Imad-ud-din Zangi (Ameer of Mosal). A child was born in 1138 A.D who became famous with the name of Salah-ud-din Ayubi.
In 1146, when Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi was 8 years old, Imad-ud-Din Zangi was killed in the hands of his slaves. His younger son Noor-ud-Din Mehmood become the next Ameer. He became the king of Damascus with the help of Salahuddin Ayubi’s father and uncle. So, Sultan Salahuddin spent most of his teenage in Damascus.
Wars of Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi with the Crusaders
Egypt was being ruled by Fatimi Caliph at that time. Noor-ud-din Mehmood thought that building a base in Egypt is important so that Christians may not be able to attack. . Also to ease the capture over Bait-ul-Muqadas. So he sent Sher Koh to Egypt along with his Sher Koh’s nephew Salahuddin Ayubi. Salahuddin Ayubi was 26 years old at that time. Wars with Christians began, Sher Koh died and Salah-ud-din Ayubi was made minister at his place. When Fatimi Caliphate ended, the caliph of Baghdad made Salah-ud-din Ayubi the king of Egypt. At that time troops for 3rd was started coming from Europe. Salah-ud-din Ayubi defeated them in many battles he reached near Bait-ul-Muqadas after two-two and a half year 0n 20th September 1187. After a long siege Muslims were conquerers. And on 4th October, 1187 after ninety years, the first Qibla of Muslims again was in Muslim kingdom.
Death of Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi:
Sultan Salahuddin Ayubi was the first Muslim ruler who faced European Christians. He was so judicious and kind hearted with the Christians. That history is still praising Salahuddin. after conquering Bait-ul-Muqadas, Sultan went to Damascus. in February 1193, he fell ill due to cold and died. his age at death was 55 years.